Tick Extermination

Tick Facts

Ticks are scientifically classified as Arachnid (a classification that includes spiders). The fossil record suggests ticks have been around at least 90 million years.

Most tick bites do not transmit harmful microbes.

There are a variety of tick-borne diseases.

There is a wide range of symptoms that usually develop days to weeks after the tick bite. The symptoms depend on the particular microbe that is transmitted.

For all tick bites, local cleansing and antibiotic cream may be applied.

There are safe and effective methods for the removal of all types of ticks.

What Is Lyme Disease

Lyme disease is caused by spiral-shaped bacteria called Borrelia burgdorferi (found in the U.S.) and Borrelia afzelii (found in Europe). Two different species of ticks, Ixodes scapularis and Ixodes pacificus, transmit the bacteria to humans via bites.

What Causes Lyme Disease

Some ticks carried by deer transmit the bacteria that cause Lyme disease. Lyme disease is not contagious from person to person. Lyme disease can affect many areas of the body including the heart, skin, joints, and nervous system.

Where Is Lyme Disease Found?

Lyme disease is present in all 50 states, but the illness is most commonly found in the Northeastern part of the U.S. Lyme disease is prevalent in areas with a high population of ticks, especially ticks infected with the Lyme disease bacteria. More than 50% of ticks in New York State carry the bacteria that cause Lyme disease. The illness has been reported all over the world including Australia, China, Europe, Japan, and in countries that were once part of the Soviet Union.

What Are The Symptoms And Signs Of Lyme Disease?

There are three distinct phases of Lyme disease. Each phase involves different parts of the body.

Early localized disease causes skin rashes and redness.
Early disseminated disease affects the nervous system and heart. People in this stage may have palsies that cause paralysis and tremors. A rare but potentially life-threatening bacterial infection called meningitis may occur in this stage. Meningitis affects the tissue surrounding the brain and spinal cord (meninges).
Late disease involves arthritis and neurological issues. During this stage damage to nerves of sensation and movement can occur.

Phase 1: Early localized disease

A characteristic flat, red ring or bull’s-eye rash develops in 75% of those who have been bitten by a tick infected with Lyme disease. The rash appears days to weeks after the bite and spreads outward. The bull’s-eye rash is called “erythema migrans.” Some people don’t notice or remember being bitten by a tick either because the tick was too small or a rash never appeared. Someone with newly acquired Lyme disease may suffer from fatigue, headache, joint and muscle stiffness, and swollen glands. Later stages of the disease affect the heart, joints, and nervous system.
Read about other diseases carried by ticks.
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